If you’re a new tenant or landlord, there are some key things you need to know about the landlord-tenant act. These laws govern the relationship between a landlord and a tenant, and understanding them can help protect both parties and prevent misunderstandings. So, before you sign a lease agreement, here are some of the bare essentials you need to know about the landlord-tenant act.

📄The Lease Agreement

The lease agreement is a legally binding document that outlines the terms of a rental agreement. It’s a good idea to thoroughly read and understand the lease agreement before signing it. Make sure you understand things like the rent amount, how and when it is due, the length of the lease, and what is included in the rent (such as utilities).

💡 Tip: If you have any questions or concerns about the lease agreement, don’t be afraid to ask the landlord to clarify.

A lease agreement

🚪Security Deposits

A security deposit is money paid by the tenant to the landlord at the start of the lease as a guarantee against any damages or unpaid rent. In most states, there are limits on the amount of security deposit that a landlord can require.

💡 Tip: Before moving out, make sure to review the lease agreement to ensure that you have met all of the requirements for receiving your security deposit back.

A pile of money with a lock on it, representing a security deposit

🛠️Repairs and Maintenance

The landlord is responsible for maintaining the property in a habitable condition and making repairs to keep the property safe and functional. If there is a problem with the property, tenants should notify the landlord as soon as possible.

💡 Tip: Keep a record of all communication between you and your landlord regarding repairs or maintenance issues.

A maintenance worker fixing a plumbing issue in a tenant's home

🚽Privacy and Access

Tenants have a right to privacy and the landlord must give notice before entering the rental property. In most states, landlords must provide at least 24 hours’ notice before entering.

💡 Tip: If you feel unsafe or uncomfortable with the landlord entering your rental property, consider discussing your concerns with them.

A tenant using a "Do Not Disturb" sign to indicate privacy


Eviction is the legal process of removing a tenant from the rental property. Landlords can only evict tenants for specific reasons, and must follow the proper legal procedures. Tenants have the right to contest an eviction in court.

💡 Tip: If you are facing eviction or have concerns about the process, consider seeking legal advice from a lawyer.

A tenant packing up their belongings while being evicted


Knowing your rights and responsibilities as a tenant or landlord is crucial when entering into a lease agreement. Remember to read and understand the lease agreement, keep records of communication, request maintenance or repairs when needed, and communicate with your landlord if you have concerns or questions.

A happy tenant and landlord shaking hands in front of a rental property